Feature request #54

label placement

Added by Redmine Admin about 11 years ago. Updated over 7 years ago.

Assignee:Martin Dobias
Category:Map Canvas
Pull Request or Patch supplied: Resolution:fixed
Easy fix?:No


A wish: label placement should be improved,
especially for printing, avoiding overlapping and
collisions and repetion of the same label on several
islands of the same feature.

qgis_world_borders_default_labeling.png - QGIS default labeling when collision occurs (225 KB) springmeyer -, 05/02/2008 10:02 AM

mapwindow_world_borders_default_labeling.png - Mapwindow default labeling with collision avoidance on (91.6 KB) springmeyer -, 05/02/2008 10:04 AM


#1 Updated by Gavin Macaulay - over 10 years ago

See also ticket #297 for other label related enhancement requests

#2 Updated by Martin Dobias over 9 years ago

This really needs more time :-/


#3 Updated by hamish - over 9 years ago


You might look at v.label.sa in GRASS 6.3 for some nice algorithm,

v.label.sa: "Create paint labels, but use a Simulated Annealing algorithm to avoid overlaping labels."

"_v.label.sa_ makes a label-file from a GRASS vector map with labels created from attributes in the attached table. The labels are placed in as optimal place as possible."


good luck,


#4 Updated by springmeyer - about 9 years ago

+ 1 on this being a fairly critical. I would support prioritizing default collision avoidance / filtering as a first feature. This could be a checkbox in the label tab that is on by default and would prevent layers from rendering all their labels when major overlap/collision will occur. This will help basic QGIS aesthetics and performance. An example of the performance hit is that when rendering a world_borders shapefile ( ~500kb) and all the country name labels are placed by default, QGIS hangs unresponsively for about 7 seconds. (I'm running 0.10.0 on Max OS 10.5 with 2GB ram and loading the shapefile from http://thematicmapping.org/downloads/TM_WORLD_BORDERS_SIMPL-0.2.zip).

I just ran a quick comparison with this same sample data in uDIG, Mapwindow, and ArcMap and all three have either a default collision algorithm set or an easy checkbox available to avoid collision and therefore render the world_borders shapefile much faster when labels are requested. This feature will have a big impact on the first-impressions of new users if implemented.

I'll attach two graphics comparing the default labeling in qgis with the default labeling in mapwindow (with collision avoidance).

#6 Updated by Gary Sherman about 9 years ago

This will be addressed with the Google Summer of Code project to enhance labeling in QGIS.

#7 Updated by Stefano Costa - about 9 years ago

Mapserver does the same thing (i.e. automatic removal of labels that collide until there are no collisions). See http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/reference/mapfile/label (POSITION directive) and http://trac.osgeo.org/mapserver/browser/trunk/mapserver/maplabel.c#L196

This doesn't mean the same code can be used, but it shouldn't be difficult to re-use at least the same algorithm used there.

#8 Updated by Paolo Cavallini almost 9 years ago

The bug is a showstopper for milestone 1.0, IMHO

#9 Updated by Maciej Sieczka - over 8 years ago

In #297 there is a somewhat related patch.

#10 Updated by Tim Sutton over 8 years ago

We will be integrating the PAL label placement library for probably QGIS 1.1. They are finishing some changes and for other reasons we will not be applying this change in QGIS 1.0.



#11 Updated by hamish - about 8 years ago


just to note that the project "Label placement for Quantum GIS" by
Martin Dobias has been accepted for the 2009 Google Summer of Code.

see http://www.osgeo.org/node/895


#12 Updated by Paolo Cavallini almost 8 years ago

See also #297; they should be closed together

#13 Updated by Giovanni Manghi over 7 years ago

  • Resolution set to fixed
  • Status changed from Open to Closed

This should be fixed with the new labelling framework now available in qgis-trunk.

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