Bug report #200

QGIS crashes on broken SHP file

Added by anonymous - over 15 years ago. Updated about 15 years ago.

Assignee:Tim Sutton
Affected QGIS version: Regression?:No
Operating System:OS X Easy fix?:No
Pull Request or Patch supplied: Resolution:wontfix
Crashes QGIS or corrupts data: Copied to github as #:10259


I tried to open a broken SHP file with 0.8 preview version, which crashed.

A sample SHP file which caused QGIS crash is available here:

The above file got broken when I tried to convert projection using ArcToolbox. ogrinfo says it's ESRI Shapefile, but when I tried to fix with ogr2ogr, it returns error (ERROR 3: Error in fseek() or fread() reading object from .shp file.). For qgis, it simply crashes the application.

JRline.tar.gz (19.2 KB) anonymous -, 2006-07-20 09:48 PM


#1 Updated by Gavin Macaulay - over 15 years ago

I was a bit rash in assigning this bug to myself - my version of qgis running on Linux loads and displays the shp file fine, making it a bit hard to fix the problem. ogrinfo also gives sensible results.

#2 Updated by Tim Sutton about 15 years ago

I tested on linux and the file loads fine for me too - I will test on mac and see if I can reproduce the issue.

#3 Updated by Tim Sutton about 15 years ago

  • Status changed from Open to In Progress

I was able to replicate this bug (on OSX). It produces the following stacktrace (see below). It looks like there is no attribute table or something...will investigate further...

0 <<00000000>> 0xffff0691 +bzero + 145 (cpu_capabilities.h:187)
1 libSystem.B.dylib 0x9000adb8 strncpy + 216
2 libgdal.1.dylib 0x01e34578 DBFIsAttributeNULL + 39
3 libgdal.1.dylib 0x01eb3d8a SHPReadOGRFeature(SHPInfo*, DBFInfo*, OGRFeatureDefn*, int) + 274
4 libgdal.1.dylib 0x01e9f035 OGRShapeLayer::GetNextFeature() + 239
5 ogrprovider.so 0x185fd2ff QgsOgrProvider::getNextFeature(std::list<int, std::allocator<int> > const&, int) + 161 (bundle1.s:110)
6 libqgis_gui.0.dylib 0x018e2186 QgsVectorLayer::draw(QPainter*, QgsRect*, QgsMapToPixel*, bool, double, double) + 368
7 libqgis_gui.0.dylib 0x018e2d22 QgsVectorLayer::draw(QPainter*, QgsRect*, QgsMapToPixel*, bool) + 72
8 libqgis_gui.0.dylib 0x0187f702 QgsMapRender::render(QPainter*) + 888
9 libqgis_gui.0.dylib 0x01866c62 QgsMapCanvasMap::render() + 646
10 libqgis_gui.0.dylib 0x01862703 QgsMapCanvas::render() + 57
11 libqgis_gui.0.dylib 0x018623ac QgsMapCanvas::drawContents(QPainter*, int, int, int, int) + 90
12 Qt3Support 0x003baae7 Q3ScrollView::viewportPaintEvent(QPaintEvent*) + 679
13 Qt3Support 0x003bd4a7 Q3ScrollView::eventFilter(QObject*, QEvent*) + 425
14 QtGui 0x01216d41 QApplicationPrivate::notify_helper(QObject*, QEvent*) + 275
15 QtGui 0x0121c507 QApplication::notify(QObject*, QEvent*) + 1197
16 QtGui 0x0125ea18 QWidgetPrivate::qt_widget_event(OpaqueEventHandlerCallRef*, OpaqueEventRef

#4 Updated by Tim Sutton about 15 years ago

I had a more detailed look at this.

0   <<00000000>>     0xffff0691 +bzero + 145 (cpu_capabilities.h:187)
1   libSystem.B.dylib       0x9000adb8 strncpy + 216
2   libgdal.1.dylib         0x01ba934c DBFIsAttributeNULL + 39
3   libgdal.1.dylib         0x01c4ca86 SHPReadOGRFeature(SHPInfo*, DBFInfo*, OGRFeatureDefn*, int) + 274
4   libgdal.1.dylib         0x01c2f1cf OGRShapeLayer::GetNextFeature() + 239
5   ogrprovider.so          0x175a1fff [[QgsOgrProvider]]::getNextFeature(std::list<int, std::allocator<int> > const&, int) + 161

So the crash is occurring withing gdal itself. There doesnt seem to be any way to manage a bad read in src/providers/ogr/qgsogrprovider.cpp:

    330     OGRFeature *fet;
    331     while ((fet = ogrLayer->GetNextFeature()) != NULL) {
    332       if (fet->GetGeometryRef())
    333         break;
    334     }

If the ogr call GetNextFeature fails there is no error that is returned and no decent way that I can see to smoothly handle the problem. I will need to write to the gdal list and see if there is any option for a fix but it doesnt look promising at this point....

#5 Updated by Tim Sutton about 15 years ago

  • Status changed from In Progress to Closed
  • Resolution set to wontfix

I reported this issue to GDAL and Frank Warmerdam will include some better error handling in the next release of gdal. Until then there is nothing we can do about it from the qgis side so I am closing this bug.

#6 Updated by Mateusz Loskot - about 15 years ago

As we talked with Tim and Frank on the #gdal, the problem is that attached jrline.shp file includes truncated features with id 62 and it seems invalid shapefile. I'm eager to learn what's wrong with this file. What's certain thing, is that fseek and fread fail on this shapefile (lines 1451-1452 in the shpopen.c file).

I fixed it in OGR and its Shape driver adding stronger tests to results of Shapefile operations.
The main changes have been applied to SHPReadOGRFeature() function.
So, now GetFeature() and GetNextFeature() will return NULL if Shapelib (fseek/fread, see above) fail to read shape object from layer.

Here is sample test trying to read feature 62 from jrline.shp.

mloskot:~/dev/gdal/bugs/qgis_200$ ~/dev/gdal/_cvs/gdal/ogr/ogrinfo -fid 62 jrline.shp jrline
INFO: Open of @jrline.shp'
      using driver @ESRI Shapefile' successful.

Layer name: jrline
Geometry: Line String
Feature Count: 63
Extent: (135.613700, 34.820579) - (135.890390, 35.085503)
Layer SRS WKT:
[[ArcID]]: Real (16.6)
[[ArcType]]: String (20.0)
[[FromNode]]: Real (16.6)
[[ToNode]]: Real (16.6)
[[LeftPoly]]: Real (16.6)
[[RightPoly]]: Real (16.6)
Length: Real (16.6)
[[NumericUse]]: Real (16.6)
[[TextUserId]]: String (50.0)
SEQUENTIAL: Real (16.6)
ENTITY: Real (16.6)
ARCNUM: Real (16.6)
CLASS: Real (16.6)
ERROR 3: Error in fseek() or fread() reading object from .shp file.
ERROR 1: Couldn't read geometry from shape with feature id (62), likely data is corrupted.
Unable to locate feature id 62 on this layer

As you can see, there are 3 error messages at the end of the output:
ERROR 3 - comes from shpopen.c
ERROR 1 - comes from SHPReadOGRFeature() function and indicates that Shapelib's SHPReadObject() failed (what ERROR 3 confirms).
Unable to locate feature id 62 on this layer - comes from ogrinfo utility.

So, obviously, in case of similar problems in QGIS, you should see first two messages in the console.

In case of GDAL/OGR problems, don't hesitate to give me a note.

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